A recent photo of Suzanne Ciani at work on a Buchla 200e synthesiser. Image courtesy Ryan Carmody.
The early development of analogue synthesizers: the Moog, the Buchla and others – Raymond Scott – Eric Siday – the San Francisco Tape Music Center – Paul Beaver and Bernie Krause, the go-to guys for Moog work in the 60s – Wendy Carlos and Switched On Bach – Morton Subotnick and Silver Apples of the Moon – Suzanne Ciani and her work for advertising – EMS, the Electronic Music Studio in London and its VCS-3 synthesiser: interviews with Peter Zinovieff and David Cockerell – the great debate: should a synthesiser have a keyboard or not? – in the early 70s, bands like Pink Floyd and Emerson, Lake and Palmer really start taking to the instruments – and then in 1976 engineer Robbie Wedel works something out for producer Giorgio Moroder and they quietly revolutionise music with Donna Summer’s I Feel Love.
These Hopeful Machines - Episode 4
Written and presented by James Gardner, produced by Tim Dodd and James Gardner for Radio New Zealand.
Scroll down for handy links, a bibliography and the playlist for this episode.
Grateful thanks for help in the production of Episode 4 go to:
Matthew Bate (director of the documentary What The Future Sounded Like), for the EMS demonstration disc;
Suzanne Ciani, for the interview and the use of unreleased material from her 1975 concert for Radio WBAI New York; David Cockerell; Ian Helliwell; Brian Hodgson for providing us with a copy of the out-of-print ‘Wavemaker’ LP; Bernie Krause for the interview and for supplying us with the Beaver and Krause rendition of ‘California Dreamin’; Penny Lomax of the ABC’s ‘The Music Show’, for the Tristram Cary interview; National Public Radio (USA), for the interview with Bob Moog; Morton Subotnick; Don Worsham of The Media Preservation Foundation for supplying the Eric Siday recordings; Peter Zinovieff.
- RCA Synthesizer
- Milton Babbitt on Electronic Music
- The Raymond Scott Archives
- A Raymond Scott fan blog
- Eric Siday Wikipedia article
- Matthew Bate's documentary film about EMS, 'What The Future Sounded Like'
- Red Bull Academy Interview with Peter Zinovieff
- Red Bull Academy Interview with Don Buchla
- The Buchla synthesiser now
- Red Bull Academy Interview with Bob Moog
- The Bob Moog Foundation
- The Moog company now
- Moog Foundation synthesizer timeline
- Moog Archives
- Moog celebrates the 50th Anniversary of its modular synth
- Monterey International Pop Festival
- Bernie Krause now
- Bernie Krause TED talk
- Suzanne Ciani
- Suzanne Ciani at Finders Keepers
- Morton Subotnick
- Wendy Carlos
- Wendy Carlos interview
- EMS synthesisers
- 'I Dream Of Wires', a documentary about modular synthesizers and their obsessive owners
- Antique telephone switchboards become modular synthesizer and sequencers
David Bernstein (ed.)
The San Francisco Tape Music Center: 1960s Counterculture and the avant-garde
University of California Press 2008
Trevor Pinch and Frank Trocco
Analog Days: The Invention and Impact of the Moog Synthesizer
Harvard University Press 2002
Oxford University Press 2014
The Sound Of Tomorrow