Senior National MP and former long-serving cabinet minister Steven Joyce has given his valedictory speech in Parliament.
Mr Joyce resigned after losing last month's leadership contest to Simon Bridges, saying he intended to return to the commercial sector and spend more time with his family.
He entered Parliament in 2008 and was immediately made a cabinet minister.
He told MPs the leap from the private sector to government was somewhat of a shock to the system - with meetings full of officials.
"What I did learn quite quickly though was that officials have a meeting after the meeting, when they go outside and discuss what they think the minister meant
"And the good thing about learning that is that until they recognise you, you can sneak out through your SPS's door and contribute to that discussion."
He said it was hard to sum up the experiences of more than a decade in Parliament, and so had decided to table the 1521 press releases he made as a minister.