17 Jan 2023

Nepal finds black boxes of aircraft after deadliest crash in 30 years

7:16 am on 17 January 2023
EDITORS NOTE: Graphic content / Rescuers pull the body of a victim who died in a Yeti Airlines plane crash in Pokhara on January 16, 2023. - Nepal observed a day of mourning on January 16 for the victims of the nation's deadliest aviation disaster in three decades, with 67 people confirmed killed in the plane crash. (Photo by PRAKASH MATHEMA / AFP)

Rescuers working at the scene of the crash n Pokhara on 16 January, 2023. Photo: AFP

Searchers found the cockpit voice recorder and flight data recorder on Monday from a passenger flight that crashed, killing at least 70 people in Nepal's worst plane accident for 30 years, officials said.

The data on the recorders may help investigators determine what caused the Yeti Airlines ATR 72 aircraft, carrying 72 people, to go down in clear weather on Sunday just before landing in the tourist city of Pokhara.

Both recorders were in good shape and will be sent for analysis based on the recommendation of the manufacturer, Teknath Sitaula, a Kathmandu airport official, told Reuters.

Under international aviation rules, the crash investigation agency of the country where the plane was designed and built is automatically part of the inquiry.

ATR is based in France and the plane's engines were manufactured in Canada by Pratt & Whitney Canada.

Nepal's Civil Aviation Authority has inspected all ATR 72 and ATR 42 aircraft operating in the country since the crash and found no technical faults in them, it said in a statement on Monday.

There were 16 ATR 72 aircraft and three ATR 42s with multiple airlines in the country, an aviation authority official said.

Anju Khatiwada, the co-pilot of Sunday's ill-fated aircraft, lost her husband Dipak Pokhrel in a similar crash in 2006. Khatiwada's remains have not been identified but she is feared dead.

Rescuers gather at the site of a plane crash in Pokhara on January 15, 2023. - At least 67 people were confirmed dead on January 15 when a plane with 72 on board crashed in Nepal, police said, in the Himalayan country's deadliest aviation disaster in three decades. (Photo by Prakash MATHEMA / AFP)

Workers at the crash scene where it is believed the co-pilot lost her life; her husband died in a similar crash 17 years ago. Photo: AFP / Prakash Mathema

Nepal observed a day of national mourning on Monday and set up a panel to investigate the disaster and suggest measures to avoid such incidents in future.

Rescuers battled cloudy weather and poor visibility on Monday as they scoured a river gorge for passengers who were unaccounted for, more than 24 hours after the crash.

Two more bodies were recovered on Monday, taking the death toll to 70, said Navin Acharya, an official at the rescue coordination centre at Kathmandu airport. The search was called off for the remaining two missing people as darkness descended and will resume on Tuesday, he said.

Pokhara police official Ajay K C said all bodies had been sent to a hospital.

In the capital Kathmandu around 100 people lit candles at a gathering in memory of the crash victims and called on the government to ensure proper safety standards, witnesses said.

Condolences poured in from around the world, including the Vatican.

"His Holiness Pope Francis sends his condolences to you and to all affected by this tragedy, together with his prayers for those involved in the recovery efforts," Cardinal Secretary of State Pietro Parolin said in a message to Nepal's president.

Reuters footage from the crash site showed rescuers looking at the charred remains of the plane near a mountain gorge.

The plane, on a scheduled flight from Kathmandu to Pokhara, gateway to the scenic Annapurna mountain range, was carrying 57 Nepalis, five Indians, four Russians, two South Koreans, and one person each from Argentina, Ireland, Australia and France.

Minutes before the aircraft was to land on Sunday, the pilot asked for a change of runway, a spokesperson for Pokhara airport said on Monday. "The permission was granted. We don't ask (why), whenever a pilot asks we give permission to change approach," spokesperson Anup Joshi said.

Call for regulatory body to be split up

Sunday's crash underlined the need for the government to break up the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN), which both regulates airlines and manages airports, experts said.

"The government must immediately separate the regulatory body and service provider by splitting the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN) which is doing both works now," K B Limbu, an aviation expert and a retired pilot, told Reuters.

"This leads to a conflict of interests."

Asked for comment, Sitaula, the Kathmandu airport official, denied there was any such conflict in the functioning of CAAN.

"The regulatory and service provider (airport management) officials are separate and there is no cross-movement between the two bodies operating under the same organisation," he said, referring to the CAAN.

There are nine domestic airlines in Nepal, including Yeti Airlines and its unit Tara Air. Yeti and Tara plane crashes have killed at least 165 people in Nepal since 2000 out of a total of 359 dead from aviation accidents, according to data from CAAN.

An additional 75 people have died in helicopter crashes this century in Nepal, which is home to eight of the world's 14 highest mountains, including Everest, and where sudden weather changes can make for hazardous conditions.

Experts say air accidents are usually caused by a combination of factors, and investigations can take months or longer.

- Reuters