9 Aug 2020

Shots, tear gas and flames as protests against Beirut blast grow

6:25 am on 9 August 2020

Lebanese riot police fired tear gas at demonstrators trying to break through a barrier to get to the parliament building in Beirut today and shots were heard in growing protests over this week's devastating explosion.

A Lebanese demonstrator throws a tear-gas canister back at security forces during clashes in downtown Beirut on August 8, 2020, following a demonstration against a political leadership

A protester throws a tear gas cannister back in security forces during anti-government protests in Beirut. Photo: AFP

A policeman was killed during the clashes with demonstrators, a police spokesman said. A policeman at the scene said his colleague died when he fell into an elevator shaft in a nearby building after being chased by protesters.

The Red Cross said it had treated 117 people for injuries on the scene while another 55 were taken to hospital. A fire broke out in central Martyrs' Square.

Dozens of protesters broke into the foreign ministry where they burnt a framed portrait of President Michel Aoun, representative for many of a political class that has ruled Lebanon for decades and that they say is to blame for its deep political and economic crises.

"We are staying here. We call on the Lebanese people to occupy all the ministries," a demonstrator said by megaphone.

Lebanese protesters watch the flames inside the headquarters of the Lebanese association of banks in downtown Beirut on August 8, 2020,

Protesters watch the flames inside the headquarters of the Lebanese association of banks in downtown Beirut. Photo: AFP

About 10,000 people gathered in Martyrs' Square, some throwing stones. Police fired tear gas when some protesters tried to break through the barrier blocking a street leading to parliament, a Reuters journalist said.

Police confirmed shots and rubber bullets had been fired. It was not immediately clear who fired the shots.

The protesters said their politicians should be hanged and punished over their negligence that they say led to the gigantic explosion that killed 158 people and injured more than 6000.

The protesters chanted "the people want the fall of the regime", reprising a popular chant from the Arab Spring uprisings of 2011. They held posters saying "Leave, you are all killers".

Prime Minister Hassan Diab said the only way out was early parliamentary elections.

In a televised address, Diab said he would ask for early elections as a way out of the crisis.

"We can't exit the country's structural crisis without holding early parliamentary elections," he said. The issue will be discussed in cabinet on Monday.

Lebanese protesters gather in the courtyard of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Beirut on August 8, 2020, after they stormed the headquarters

Photo: AFP

'Go home'

The protests were the biggest since October when thousands of people took to the streets in protest against the ruling elite's corruption, bad governance and mismanagement.

"You have no conscience, you have no morality. Go home! Leave! Resign, Enough is enough," shouted one of the protesters. "What else do you want? You brought us poverty, death and destruction," said another.

"Resign or hang," said one banner.

Soldiers in vehicles mounted with machine guns patrolled the area.

"Really the army is here? Are you here to shoot us? Join us and we can fight the government together," a woman yelled.

The blast was the biggest in Beirut's history. Twenty-one people were still reported as missing from the explosion, which destroyed a large swathe of the city.

The government has promised to hold those responsible to account. But few Lebanese are convinced. Some set up nooses on wooden frames as a symbolic warning to Lebanese leaders.

The prime minister and presidency have said 2750 tonnes of highly explosive ammonium nitrate, which is used in making fertilisers and bombs, had been stored for six years without safety measures at the port warehouse.

An aerial view taken on August 7, 2020, shows a partial view of the port of Beirut, the damaged grain silo and the crater caused by the colossal explosion three days earlier of a huge pile of ammonium nitrate that had languished for years in a port warehouse,

An aerial view of the port area after the explosion. Photo: AFP

Economic meltdown

The explosion hit a city still scarred by civil war and reeling from an economic meltdown and a surge in coronavirus infections.

For many, it was a dreadful reminder of the 1975-1990 civil war that tore the nation apart and destroyed swathes of Beirut, much of which had since been rebuilt.

A Lebanese protester waves the national flag during clashes with security forces in downtown Beirut on August 8, 2020,

Photo: AFP

Some residents, struggling to clean up shattered homes, complain the government has let them down again.

"We have no trust in our government," said university student Celine Dibo as she scrubbed blood off the walls of her shattered apartment building. "I wish the United Nations would take over Lebanon."

Many people denounced their leaders, saying none of them visited the site of the blast to comfort them or assess the damage while French President Emmanuel Macron flew from Paris and went straight to the scene to pay his tribute.

Lebanon's Kataeb Party, a Christian group that opposes the government backed by the Iran-aligned Hezbollah, announced today the resignation of its three lawmakers from parliament.

Macron, who visited Beirut on Friday, promised aid to rebuild the city would not fall into "corrupt hands". He will host a donor conference for Lebanon via video-link later today, his office said. US President Donald Trump said that he will join.

Aoun said yesterday that an investigation would examine whether the blast was caused by a bomb or other external interference. Aoun said the investigation would also weigh if it was due to negligence or an accident. Twenty people had been detained so far, he added.

'We can't afford to rebuild'

Some residents wondered how they would ever rebuild their lives.

Tearing up, Bilal Hassan used his bare hands to try to remove debris from his home. He has been sleeping on a dusty couch besides pieces of splintered glass.

When his three wounded teenage children ran for their lives they left blood stains on the staircase and walls.

"There is really nothing we can do. We can't afford to rebuild and no one is helping us," he said, standing beside a large teddy bear that was blown across his home, and a damaged photograph of him and his wife.

Bulldozers ploughed through the wreckage of mangled homes and long rows of flattened cars. Volunteers with shovels streamed through streets.

Officials have said the blast could have caused losses amounting to $US15 billion ($NZ22b). That is a bill that Lebanon cannot pay after already defaulting on a mountain of debt - exceeding 150 percent of economic output - and with talks stalled on an IMF lifeline.

For ordinary Lebanese, the scale of destruction is overwhelming. Marita Abou Jawda was handing out bread and cheese to victims of the blast.

"Macron offered to help and our government has not done anything. It has always been like that," she said. "After Macron visited I played the French national anthem all day in my car."

A Lebanese youth hugs French President Emmanuel Macron during a visit to the Gemmayzeh neighborhood, which has suffered extensive damage due to a massive explosion in the Lebanese capital, on August 6, 2020. - French President Emmanuel Macron visited shell-shocked Beirut,

Emmanuel Macron comforts a woman during his visit to Beirut this week. Photo: AFP

- Reuters / BBC

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