Former Green Party co-leader Jeanette Fitzsimons has died at the age of 75.
Her husband, Harry Parke, said the death was totally unexpected.
"Yesterday morning she was out on the farm doing stuff, she had a bit of a fall and finally ended up in Thames Hospital where she had a massive stroke and died at 9.45pm last night - very peacefully I might add."
"The day before, she was using a chainsaw - that's the sort of person she is. She worked a lot harder than I ever did. I was totally in awe of her.
"Fortunately we both had very much the same convictions about what needed changing in the planet and we had a very close relationship."
Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said Fitzsimons was a steward for the New Zealand environmental political movement.
During her 14 years in parliament, Fitzsimons was an early voice for action on issues now considered mainstream, like climate change, clean energy and the deteriorating state of New Zealand's water, Ardern said.
"New Zealand has lost someone completely and utterly driven by values, who embodied the notion of leaving this place better than they found it. Jeanette did that".
Green Party co-leader Marama Davidson passed on her deepest condolences to her husband Harry Parke, her children and grandchilden.
She said Fitzsimons left behind a remarkable legacy and is a taonga and bastion of the green movement.
Co-leader James Shaw said Fitzsimons had immense generosity and humility, and understood that you must work with those you disagree with to forge a consensus.
Fitzsimons was never about personality politics and was driven by what was the right thing to do, he said.
"She treated everyone with respect no matter their politics, and she treated everybody with dignity."
Former Green MP Keith Locke said she was rightly being remembered for her integrity and was totally committed to the welfare of the planet and the people on it.
"She never gave away any of her principles for short term gain."
New Zealand First leader Winston Peters said she was a hugely significant figure in the formation of the Green Party, a tireless advocate for the environment, and a leader who carried herself with great dignity and conviction.
Fitzsimons became the co-leader of the Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand in 1995, and when the party joined the Alliance led by Jim Anderton's New Labour Party, she took on the deputy leadership role.
After the first MMP election in 1996, she entered Parliament as a list MP for the Alliance but it wasn't long before strains appeared in the grouping.
She felt herself left out of its decision-making and the Green Party itself was increasingly unhappy with the Alliance's direction.
Fitzsimons won the Coromandel seat for the Greens in 1999, the country's first elected Green MP and was disappointed when she lost it in the following election, although the party remained in Parliament due to its party vote.
She and her co-leader Rod Donald were strong influences in the change in public perception of the party as a group of sandal-wearing tree-huggers.
Parke said Fitzsimons was "instrumental" in getting the Green Party up and running in the 1990s. More recently, her focus had been on climate change.
"She fought really hard to get people to accept you can't keep growing the economy and stop climate change. It just seems people don't want to hear that."
Fitzsimons was known for never raising her voice in the House and never responding to barbs thrown around in Parliament.
"She strongly believed that never got you anywhere, that all it did was take the focus off the subject you were talking about and your energy needed to be totally on what you were trying to achieve. I think she held that up admirably," Parke said.
"She never let her emotions get in the way of what needed to be said and what needed to be done."
"She totally lived her convictions and there was no way that anyone could say she didn't live up to what she was saying."
She was made a Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit in 2010.