Papua New Guinea wants a greater share of benefits from major oil and gas companies operating in the country.
Prime Minister Peter O'Neill made the comments while opening the 15th PNG Mining and Petroleum Conference in Sydney on Monday.
The Post Courier reported Mr O'Neill saying that PNG needed a fairer share of the benefits from the development of such resources.
He said the resource sector also had the opportunity to deal with landowner concerns in remote communities.
The Prime Minister said the communities wanted to be included and must be part of decisions about investment and development.