The Pacific Islands Forum leaders' summit has concluded without unity on climate change, but with signs of a new approach to fisheries management.
The 46th meeting of the forum's leaders ended with an agreement to disagree on the contentious issue of climate change, and a change in approach to fisheries management.
Climate change in particular dominated the week's discussions between the 16 member countries gathered in Papua New Guinea's capital, Port Moresby.
Early on in the summit, conflicting views emerged as small island states like Kiribati and Palau reiterated their calls for greater action from more developed nations, such as New Zealand and Australia, on climate change.
The major sticking point was a call for emissions to be lowered to the point where global temperatures would not increase more than 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, while New Zealand and Australia have so far stuck with the UN promoted target of 2°C.
But now, after the regional talks, it seems the rest of the forum has agreed to disagree with New Zealand and Australia on the target to be pushed for at the end-of-year UN climate change conference in Paris.
New Zealand Prime Minister John Key suggested Pacific nations needed to put more pressure on even bigger nations like China, as his country was only responsible for 0.15 percent of the world's emissions. Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott agreed.
"Australia and New Zealand have already announced very ambitious targets for emissions reduction to take to the Paris conference," Mr Abbott said.
"New Zealand's got a 30 percent target. Australia's got a 26-28 percent target for emissions reductions and that compares to 25 percent for Japan, 4 percent for Korea. China is going to have a 150 percent increase in its emissions between now and 2030."
Kiribati President Anote Tong begrudgingly accepted there were varied views, despite earlier warning of a split among member nations.
"It's not the best outcome that we would have liked but we must respect that," he said, pointing out that whether island leaders accept that or not is a different question.
"At this point in time we'd like to be able to sit down as colleagues and agree on a range of numbers, rather than one or the other, and I think that is what has come out of this meeting."
Move to adopt NZ-led quota system
One thing Mr Tong was happy with was a move towards the New Zealand-led quota system in regional fisheries.
The summit had been told by Feleti Teo, the head of the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission, that the bigeye tuna catch had been unsustainable for some time and taking action could not be delayed any longer.
With the threat to fish stocks clearly laid out, Mr Key said a change in approach was a must.
"The resources earned by the countries in the region is based off selling access to your fisheries on a daily basis. That's fine, except technology is changing, boats are larger.
"They are becoming more proficient and so a greater catch is occurring and if that continues then there is real risk [to] sustainability, of particularly the tuna fishery."
Fisheries ministers from all of the forum nations have now been invited to New Zealand to examine the management system in place.
New Zealand will also provide $US30 million over the next three years to help the region change the way it manages declining fish stocks. Australia also announced it would invest $US13 million in maritime surveillance within the region, to help police the fisheries.
Regarding the other big agenda issue - human rights abuses in the Indonesian region of Papua, or West Papua - Pacific Island leaders urged forum chair and PNG prime minister Peter O'Neill to approach Jakarta about their concerns, and discuss their openness towards a fact-finding mission.
Mr O'Neill said he had found Indonesia accommodating on the issue in recent times.
"If you talk about anything from human rights to self-determination to independence you would have to communicate and talk to Indonesia," he said, pointing out that his government had been doing that for the past few years.
"We are encouraged from what we are hearing from Jakarta and it is just the beginning of many steps that are before us."
Meanwhile, New Zealand and Australia said Indonesia's sovereignty must be respected.