In this series of History through the Piano John Drummond looks at famous pieces of piano music as windows into the world in which they were created. A composer cannot help but reflect the world he lives in, his understanding of life, his values and his beliefs.
It is hard for us, nearly a century later, to put ourselves in the shoes of those who had survived the horrors of World War 1, and were now facing a future full of insecurity and uncertainty. The old political orders had collapsed in Russia, Germany, and the many states and provinces of the Hapsburg Empire. Central Europe was awash with revolutions and insurrections and ongoing violence as nationalist groups and political factions fought for ascendancy. France and Britain, supposedly the winners, were bankrupt, their economies ruined, their social order changed forever, their streets filled with the wounded casualties of war. In Germany, the fledging Weimar Republic would be beset by political turmoil, economic disaster, and factional violence. It is against this background that we explore the compositional activities of Arnold Schoenberg in the years immediately after the war, and, in particular, some of his piano pieces from this period.
But if Europe was concerned with a search for order in the immediate aftermath of World War 1, things were very different across the Atlantic, in Europe’s younger sibling the United States of America. Unscarred by the war, during the 1920s America became a world economic power, and its wealth doubled between 1920 and 1929. Black Americans and poor white farmers may not have enjoyed life much, but those who moved into the cities and bought consumer goods and Model T Fords and went to the movies every week had never had it so good. Women had economic independence and could vote. And a new music was spreading across the nation courtesy of sound recordings and radio: jazz.
SCHOENBERG: Six Little Piano Pieces Op 19/1 - Roland Pöntinen (piano) BIS CD 1417
SCHOENBERG: Piano Pieces Op 23/5, Waltz - Roland Pöntinen (piano) BIS CD 1417
KING OLIVER: Riverside Blues - King Oliver’s Jazz Band ASV 255218
GERSHWIN: Three Preludes for piano - Michael Tilson Thomas (piano) CBS 442516
Links to collections: