A fragment of wood reputed to be from the manger where Jesus was laid after his birth arrived in Bethlehem as a gift from the Vatican on Saturday (local time), kicking off Christmas season at the town revered as the place of Jesus' birth.
The piece of wood, just a few centimetres-long, was once kept in the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome. It was handed over earlier this week to the custodian of the Bethlehem church, who said it brought "great honour to believers and pilgrims in the area".
The provenance of ancient relics is often questionable. Still, they are revered by the Christian faithful, among them the many pilgrims who squeeze through a narrow sandstone entrance in the Church of the Nativity to visit the birth grotto that is its centrepiece.
According to the Custos of the Holy Land for the Catholic church, Francesco Patton, the relic dates back more than 2000 years and was sent to the Vatican in the 7th century.
Encased in a silver-coloured ornamental table-top stand, it was unveiled to the public on Friday at the Notre Dame of Jerusalem Center.
Marching bands greeted the relic as it arrived in Bethlehem on Saturday. It was placed in Saint Catherine's Church, at the Church of the Nativity compound in Manger Square.
"We are proud that part of the manger is back in Bethlehem because we feel that the soul of God is with us more than before," a Bethlehem homemaker, Chris Giacaman said.
Others were a little let down.
"It's a small piece, we thought it would be a bigger piece," Sandy Shahin Hijazeen said.
"When we heard that the manger is coming back we thought it would be the whole manger, but then we saw it."
After night fell, the traditional lighting of the Christmas tree ceremony was underway as hundreds gathered at Manger Square to celebrate the start of the holiday season.
With a bright red star gleaming at its top, the giant tree was illuminated by hundreds of golden-white bulbs as fireworks lit up the night sky.
Bethlehem is usually particularly busy ahead of Christmas with tourists and pilgrims flocking to the Biblical city.
Christians make up around 1 percent of the Palestinian population in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem.