Horror film director Tobe Hooper, who set the movie world abuzz with The Texas Chain Saw Massacre in 1974, has died in California.
He died in Sherman Oaks at the age of 74, the Los Angeles county coroner told US media.
His tale of a family of cannibals with oversized kitchen utensils, laced with dark humour, became cult viewing.
Hooper also directed Poltergeist, and the Salem's Lot TV miniseries.
Born in Austin, Texas, on 25 January 1943, Hooper worked as a college professor and documentary cameraman before breaking into the film world with The Texas Chain Saw Massacre.
Shot in six weeks for less than $US300,000, it tells of five young Americans waylaid by the said cannibals in rural Texas.
Hooper had got the idea when flustered by crowds in a department store. Finding himself in hardware, he imagined cutting his way out with a chainsaw.
He used real skeletons as props, adding to the macabre feel of a film that spawned a string of inferior slasher movies, with young women usually the victims.
His supernatural thriller, Poltergeist, co-written by Stephen Spielberg and released in 1982, was also hugely successful and became another classic within the horror genre.
His TV adaptation of Stephen King's vampire story Salem's Lot was also widely acclaimed.
Critics admired Hooper for leaving most of the horror to the imagination. Speaking in 2014 to Interview Magazine, Hooper explained why the Leatherface character in The Texas Chain Saw Massacre wore a mask.
"When you can't see his face, your imagination goes wild," he said. "When you can't see, you fill in the blanks with something that's far more interesting than what can actually be shown."
Once banned in several countries, the film spawned six sequels.
Hooper's later work for the cinema and television was said to lack the impact of his early films.
Horror film fans have had much to mourn this summer already. George A Romero, who created the Living Dead movie franchise, died last month at the age of 77.