Carol has scored the most nominations for the 2016 Golden Globe Awards with five nods.
Cate Blanchett and Rooney Mara are both up for best actress in a drama for their roles in the 1950s-set film about a glamorous housewife who falls for a younger woman.
The film was also nominated for best film drama, original score and best director for Todd Haynes.
The Revenant, The Big Short and Steve Jobs all received four nominations.
Carol will go up against Alejandro G Inarritu's The Revenant to be named best film drama, along with Mad Max: Fury Road, kidnap drama Room and real life abuse drama Spotlight.
The best drama actress category also sees Room's Brie Larson nominated against Blanchett and Rooney Mara, as well as Saoirse Ronan for Brooklyn and Alicia Vikander for The Danish Girl.
Leonardo DiCaprio's performance in The Revenant was recognised for a best drama actor nomination, alongside Bryan Cranston in biopic Trumbo, Michael Fassbender in Steve Jobs and Will Smith in Concussion.
Eddie Redmayne, who won the award last year for his role in The Theory of Everything, is nominated again this year for his portrayal of transgender pioneer Lili Elbe in The Danish Girl.
In the musical or comedy film categories, US financial crisis movie The Big Short is up for best film, competing against Spy, Trainwreck and surprise nominees The Martian and Joy.
Jennifer Lawrence is also nominated for best actress in a musical or comedy for her role in Joy - a biopic about the inventor of the Miracle Mop - along with Melissa McCarthy for Spy, Amy Schumer in Trainwreck, Dame Maggie Smith in The Lady in the Van and Lily Tomlin in Grandma.
The best actor in a musical or comedy category sees The Big Short's Christian Bale and Steve Carell nominated with Matt Damon for The Martian, Al Pacino in Danny Collins and Mark Ruffalo in Infinitely Polar Bear.
Among the British stars nominated in the best supporting actor and actress categories include Idris Elba for Beasts of No Nation, Mark Rylance for Bridge of Spies, Dame Helen Mirren for Trumbo and Kate Winslet for Steve Jobs.
British film-maker Ridley Scott is also nominated for best director for his sci-fi blockbuster The Martian.
And singer Sam Smith also has a best original song nod for Writing's on the Wall - the theme to James Bond film Spectre.
In the television categories there was a much broader spread of nominations. American Crime, Fargo, Mr Robot, Outlander, Transparent and Wolf Hall all landed three nominations each.
BBC drama Wolf Hall is up for best TV miniseries or TV film, with its stars Mark Rylance and Damian Lewis nominated for best actor and best supporting actor.
Empire, Game of Thrones, Mr Robot, Narcos and Outlander will compete for the best drama TV series honour.
Meanwhile Casual, Mozart in the Jungle, Orange is the New Black, Silicon Valley, Transparent and Veep are all nominated for best musical or comedy TV series.
Among the best TV drama actors and actresses who received nods include Jon Hamm for the final series of Mad Men, Taraji P Henson for Empire, while Jamie Lee Curtis and Rob Lowe were also nominated for their new shows Scream Queens and The Grinder in the TV comedy categories.
Another surprise nomination came for Lady Gaga, recognised in the best actress in a miniseries for her role in American Horror Story: Hotel.
Other British stars nominated included David Oyelowo for Nightingale, Sir Patrick Stewart for Blunt Talk, Downton Abbey's Joanne Froggatt, Alan Cumming for The Good Wife and Tobias Menzies for Outlander.
The nominations and eventual winners are decided by the 93 members of the Hollywood Foreign Press Association - a group of entertainment editors and writers from 55 countries who report on the industry year-round.
Ricky Gervais will return to host the ceremony on 10 January - his third time fronting the awards.
Full list of Golden Globe 2016 nominees
Best motion picture - drama
Mad Max: Fury Road
Best motion picture - comedy or musical
The Big Short
Best performance by an actor in a motion picture - drama
Bryan Cranston, Trumbo
Leonardo DiCaprio, The Revenant
Michael Fassbender, Steve Jobs
Eddie Redmayne, The Danish Girl
Will Smith, Concussion
Best performance by an actress in a motion picture - drama
Cate Blanchett, Carol
Brie Larson, Room
Rooney Mara, Carol
Saoirse Ronan, Brooklyn
Alicia Vikander, The Danish Girl
Best performance by an actor in a motion picture - comedy or musical
Christian Bale, The Big Short
Steve Carell, The Big Short
Matt Damon, The Martian
Al Pacino, Danny Collins
Mark Ruffalo, Infinitely Polar Bear
Best performance by an actress in a motion picture - comedy or musical
Jennifer Lawrence, Joy
Melissa McCarthy, Spy
Amy Schumer, Trainwreck
Maggie Smith, The Lady in the Van
Lily Tomlin, Grandma
Best performance by an actor in a supporting role in a motion picture
Paul Dano, Love & Mercy
Idris Elba, Beasts of No Nation
Mark Rylance, Bridge of Spies
Michael Shannon, 99 Homes
Sylvester Stallone, Creed
Best performance by an actress in a supporting role in a motion picture
Jane Fonda, Youth
Jennifer Jason Leigh, The Hateful Eight
Helen Mirren, Trumbo
Alicia Vikander, Ex Machina
Kate Winslet, Steve Jobs
Best director - motion picture
Todd Haynes, Carol
Alejandro G Inarritu, The Revenant
Tom McCarthy, Spotlight
George Miller, Max Max: Fury Road
Ridley Scott, The Martian
Best screenplay - motion picture
The Big Short
The Hateful Eight
Best animated feature film
The Good Dinosaur
The Peanuts Movie
Shaun the Sheep Movie
Best foreign language film
The Brand New Testament
Son of Saul
Best original score - motion picture
The Danish Girl
The Hateful Eight
Best original song - motion picture
Love Me Like You Do, Ellie Goulding - Fifty Shades of Grey
One Kind of Love, Brian Wilson - Love & Mercy
See You Again, Wiz Khalifa featuring Charlie Puth - Fast & Furious 7
Simple Song #3, Sumi Jo - Youth
Writing's On the Wall, Sam Smith - Spectre
Best television series - drama
Game of Thrones
Best television series - comedy or musical
Mozart in the Jungle
Orange is the New Black
Best mini-series or motion picture made for television
American Horror Story: Hotel
Flesh and Bone
Best performance by an actor in a television series - drama
Jon Hamm, Mad Men
Rami Malek, Mr Robot
Wagner Maura, Narcos
Bob Odenkirk, Better Call Saul
Liev Schreiber, Ray Donovan
Best performance by an actress in a television series - drama
Caitriona Balfe, Outlander
Viola Davis, How to Get Away with Murder
Eva Green, Penny Dreadful
Taraji P Henson, Empire
Robin Wright, House of Cards
Best performance by an actor in a television series - comedy or musical
Aziz Ansari, Master of None
Gael Garcia Bernal, Mozart
Rob Lowe, The Grinder
Patrick Stewart, Blunt Talk
Jeffrey Tambor, Transparent
Best performance by an actress in a television series - comedy or musical
Rachel Bloom, Crazy Ex-Girlfriend
Jamie Lee Curtis, Scream Queens
Julia Louis-Dreyfus, Veep
Gina Rodriguez, Jane the Virgin
Lily Tomlin, Grace and Frankie
Best performance by an actor in a mini-series or motion picture made for television
Idris Elba, Luther
Oscar Isaac, Show Me a Hero
David Oyelowo, Nightingale
Mark Rylance, Wolf Hall
Patrick Wilson, Fargo
Best performance by an actress in a mini-series or motion picture made for television
Kirsten Dunst, Fargo
Felicity Huffman, American Crime
Lady Gaga, American Horror Story: Hotel
Sarah Hay, Flesh and Bone
Queen Latifah, Bessie
Best performance by an actor in a supporting role in a series, mini-series or motion picture made for television
Alan Cumming, The Good Wife
Damian Lewis, Wolf Hall
Ben Mendelsohn, Bloodline
Tobias Menzies, Outlander
Christian Slater, Mr Robot
Best performance by an actress in a supporting role in a series, mini-series or motion picture made for television
Uzo Aduba, Orange is the New Black
Joanne Froggatt, Downton Abbey
Regina King, American Crime
Judith Light, Transparent
Maura Tierney, The Affair