The fear of missing out (or FOMO) generated by high levels of social media use can lead to depression and anxiety, according to a report looking at the the impact of social media on wellbeing.
The fifth annual National Stress and Wellbeing in Australia Survey has found Australians are faring worse than they were when the survey began, with higher levels of stress, depression and anxiety being reported.
One in two teenagers felt they were "missing out" on the seemingly perfect lives that others portrayed through social media, the survey found.
Teens also felt they were having less "rewarding" experiences than their friends.
Other key findings included teens worrying about friends having fun without them and feeling anxious if they did not know what their friends were doing.
This year was the first time the study explored the impact of social media on behaviour and wellbeing.
Flinders University senior social work lecturer Dr Mubarak Rahamathulla said FOMO was opening the door to more concerning feelings, like anxiety and depression.
"FOMO is a real thing - my research and research all over the world is repeatedly indicating that it is a fact," he said.
"There is a very strong positive correlation between the hours spent on digital technology and higher stress and depression."
Dr Rahamathulla said it was up to parents and policymakers to make sure teenagers were getting enough information about what is and is not "real" in cyber space, as well as methods to cope with the social and emotional pressures of social media.
"[Teenagers] are getting confused between cyber world and real world," he said.
"I think we need, and we have a moral responsibility as a society, to help them to understand how the roles of these two different worlds are working."
Half of teens use social media before sleep
The survey found that social media dominated the lives of many teenagers, with over half (53 per cent) of Australian teens reporting that they used social networking sites for 15 minutes before bed every night.
Sydney student Jessica Sahay, 17, spends over an hour browsing through Facebook, Instagram and Snapchat before she goes to sleep.
She has tried to reduce her usage after feeling worn out from constantly being connected.
"During exams, I tried to reduce the time I spent on social media because it felt quite distracting when you saw what other people were doing," she said.
Consumer psychologist Adam Ferrier said the way Jessica felt was not a new phenomenon.
"We've always been scared of missing out on the occasional party or seeing friends doing other stuff which you're (not) involved in, but with social media, that feeling has increased in intensity dramatically," Dr Ferrier said. "So there's always something happening which you're not a part of."
More than half of young respondents in the survey said they had felt worried, jealous and anxious after finding out they had been left out of a gathering through pictures or status updates on social media.
The survey found that a fear of missing out does not stop once people enter adulthood, with the survey noting that those aged 18-35 reported the highest feelings of being left out amongst all adults.
- 66 percent of the teenagers wanted to share details online when they were having a good time (eg updating a Facebook status).
- 60 percent said they felt worried when they found out their friends were having fun without them.
- 51 percent said they felt anxious if they did not know what their friends were doing.
- 78 percent said it was important that they understood their friends' "in jokes".