5 Nov 2015

Justin Trudeau sworn in as Canadian PM

10:55 am on 5 November 2015

Canada's new leader, Justin Trudeau, has been sworn in as prime minister, ending 10 years of Conservative rule.

Canadian prime minister Justin Trudeau

Canadian prime minister Justin Trudeau Photo: AFP

His ascension marks a new era of Liberal politics after an election that saw Stephen Harper's party ousted.

Mr Trudeau, 43, follows in the footsteps of his father who held the office for nearly two decades.

The move could see an increase in public spending, better relations with the US and an increase in the number of Syrian refugees being taken in.

Mr Trudeau whispered "I love you" to his family upon being sworn in.

The new ministers, who are are mostly aged between 35 and 50, took their oaths in the bilingual ceremony.

Trudeau's cabinet features an equal number of women and men, with the new PM touting his team's diversity.

After the ceremony, a reporter asked Mr Trudeau why having a gender-balanced cabinet was so important.

The prime minister replied, "Because it's 2015," and then shrugged to wild applause.

The former school teacher turned politician was elected to parliament in 2008, and becomes the second youngest prime minister in Canadian history.

He was elected after running on a plan to reject austerity and spend billions on infrastructure projects that would see Canada run a deficit for three years.

The plan caught the attention of a Canadian electorate hungry for change after a decade under the rule of Prime Minister Harper.

Mr Harper's political platform included plans that saw corporate and sales tax rates cut as well as Canada's removal from a climate change agreement.

The conservative prime minister was also angered by Mr Obama's reluctance to approve the Keystone XL pipeline that was designed to transport petroleum from Alberta to Texas.

For his part, Mr Trudeau believes the pipeline should be approved, but does not think that that the disagreement should weigh so heavily on US-Canada relations.