21 Apr 2014

Rubin 'Hurricane' Carter dies at 76

9:40 pm on 21 April 2014

Former US boxer Rubin "Hurricane" Carter whose wrongful conviction for murder was immortalised in song and film has died at the age of 76.

Carter spent 19 years in prison for murder and was released after it was determined he did not get a fair trial.

Carter in the ring against Fabio Bettini of Italy in 1965.

Carter in the ring against Fabio Bettini of Italy in 1965. Photo: AFP

His death in Toronto was confirmed by friend and caregiver John Artis, who said the former boxer had been battling prostate cancer for nearly three years. He died at home in Toronto, where he had been living since he was released from prison in 1985.

Once a middleweight boxer who earned a world title fight in 1964, Carter is more well known for the turn his life took after he was arrested for a triple homicide in 1966, Reuters reports.

That arrest, his imprisonment, and the ultimately successful battle to free him are recorded in the 1975 Bob Dylan song Hurricane and the 1999 film of the same name, which starred Denzel Washington as Carter.

Born in 1937 in Clifton, New Jersey, Carter ran into trouble with the law as a teenager, serving custodial sentences for assault and robbery, and spending two years in the army.

In his 1974 autobiography The Sixteenth Round Carter writes of his younger years: "The kindest thing I have to say about my childhood is that I survived it."

In 1961, he channelled his energies into boxing, turning pro and earning a 1964 title match against world champion Joey Giardello, which Carter lost in a unanimous decision.

His career was already in decline in 1966, when he was arrested and charged in a June triple murder in Paterson, New Jersey. He was convicted for the shootings along with John Artis, a hitch-hiker he had picked up on the night of the murders.

Carter's case exploded into national consciousness in 1974, when two key witnesses recanted their testimony, sparking a series of stories by the New York Times, making him a cause celebre for the civil rights movement and prompting Bob Dylan to release Hurricane.

Rubin "Hurricane" Carter meeting Nobel Peace laureate Nelson Mandela in Australia in 2000.

Rubin "Hurricane" Carter (left) meeting Nobel Peace laureate Nelson Mandela in Australia in 2000. Photo: AFP

He was retried in 1976 and convicted again.

He was released for good in 1985, aided by a group of Canadian activists after a federal district judge ruled that his convictions "were predicated on an appeal to racism rather than reason, and concealment rather than disclosure." Prosecutors decided not to pursue a third trial.

Despite his release, some have raised doubts about his innocence, claiming the facts of his case still point to his guilt.

After his release, Carter spent about 12 years as executive director of the Toronto-based Association in Defence of the Wrongly Convicted. He broke acrimoniously with the group in 2004.

After the break he continued to advocate for the wrongly convicted and also worked as a motivational speaker. He remained close friends with John Artis, the man with whom he was convicted.

Carter is survived by two children from his first marriage to Mae Thelma.