Tensions within Tūhoe in the wake of their $170 million Treaty settlement were evident when 13,000 members of the iwi met in Rotorua at the weekend for the two-yearly Te Hui Ahurei a Tūhoe festival.
However, the iwi's post-Treaty of Waitangi settlement entity, Te Uru Taumatua (TUT) was noticeably absent from this year's event.
TUT chairman Tamati Kruger said there was no reason for the authority to have a presence there.
"We don't usually have one - we've never had one."
The iwi authority has been in place since the Treaty of Waitangi settlement for Tūhoe was signed in 2014.
A shared governance and leadership model is used by the authority and there are four tribal groups within the model.
They include Waimana, Ruatahuna, Waikaremoana and Ruatoki.
These tribal groups represented their hapū and marae and made decisions on internal iwi issues, Mr Kruger said.
The tribal groups voted to fund the Ahurei in 2016 but Waikaremoana and Ruatoki voted against financial support for this year's event in Rotorua
This year's event cost $300,000 to hold - and is being covered by sponsorship and ticket sales.
"Te Uru Taumatua [TUT] is charged with keeping the trust fund safe in a prudent way and growth - but the spending of the trust is then done by the tribals," Mr Kruger said.
Paki Nikora is a part of Te Kohinga o Ngā Whānau o Ngāi Tūhoe - a group which is calling for a review of the deed which governs TUT.
"We believe that it's five years after settlement we should have a right to put it back to a review to be ratified by the people," Mr Nikora said.
The iwi's settlement money wasn't making its way down to hapū, Mr Nikora said.
"We've got any amount of ideas about economic development - the problem is the leadership aren't listening it's either their way or the highway."
Ida Te Pou is another tribal member who questions the current governance structure of the iwi.
"Going through the raupatu (land confiscations) that's what we were fighting for was the mana of our hapū and the voice of our hapū," she said.
Mrs Te Pou said that hapū voice wasn't being heard by TUT.
"That's what our hapū are asking for, that empowerment of decision making and you can only do that when you go out to the 43 marae of Tūhoe."
Mr Kruger said post-Treaty settlement woes were nothing new and he knew iwi could often become tangled in litigation.
Te Kohinga wanted a more individual governance model, he said.
"The tension is between Tūhoe people who believe in the rights of the individual verses Tūhoe people who operate as collectives."
Mr Kruger said TUT had been able to grow the economic base of the iwi from its initial $170 million settlement to more than $350m.
The next Hui Ahurei a Tūhoe will be held back in the Tūhoe region in Waimana.