Australia's Indigenous Advisory Council will focus on improving school attendance and achievement to create lasting employment for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.
The council was set up after Tony Abbott was elected prime minister in September. He pledged during the election campaign to make Aboriginal affairs a priority.
The organisation's first meeting has been held in Canberra, where the council's terms of references have been released.
It will also provide the Government with advice on land ownership, the partnership between black and white Australians, and how a constitutional recognition of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people can be achieved.