The country's top judge has used her swearing-in ceremony to highlight the barriers to getting justice for the poor.
Dame Helen Winkelmann, 56, has replaced Dame Sian Elias, who retired earlier this month after nearly 20 years as chief justice.
Speaking before her fellow judges at a special Supreme Court sitting today, she said the poor and marginalised often ended up in the criminal court - but frequently did not often appear in the civil court, despite having complex legal needs.
"Without knowledge of the law, many don't know they have a problem with which the law can help them.
"The cost of legal representation is so great, that is only the well to do that can afford a lawyer to represent them in court, and that is a substantial challenge for the profession."
Many of the solutions were beyond the control of judges, but they could not shy away from dealing with the problems, Dame Helen said.
Without a legal voice, marginalised people were vulnerable to exploitation and abuse.