Supreme Court Justice Sir William Young will head the Royal Commission of Inquiry into the Christchurch terror attack, Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern has announced.
The inquiry is due to start considering evidence from 13 May, and to report to the Governor General within eight months, with a deadline of 10 December.
The Royal Commission's inquiry into the 15 March attacks has a very wide brief and will look at issues ranging from the attacker's past activities, background, connections to other people and online activity, to the role of New Zealand's intelligence and security agencies.
Ms Ardern today released the terms of reference for the inquiry and said it would make sure "no stone is left unturned" as it looked into the cause of the attacks and what could have been done to stop it.
"The Royal Commission plays a critical role in our ongoing response to fully understand what happened in the lead up to the attack and to ensure such an attack never happens again."
She said the Commission would look at:
- The individual's activities before the attack, including:
- Relevant information from his time in Australia;
- His arrival and residence in New Zealand;
- His travel within New Zealand, and internationally;
- How he obtained a gun licence, weapons and ammunition;
- His use of social media and other online media;
- His connections with others, whether in New Zealand or internationally;
- What relevant state sector agencies knew about this individual and his activities before this attack; what actions (if any) they took in light of that knowledge; and whether there were any additional measures that the agencies could have taken to prevent the attack;
- Whether there were any impediments to relevant state sector agencies gathering or sharing information relevant to the attack, or acting upon such information, including legislative impediments, and
- Whether there was any inappropriate concentration or priority setting of counter terrorism resources by relevant state sector agencies prior to this attack.
Ms Ardern said Justice Young had the experience and skills required to lead the Inquiry.
"I am confident that in his nearly nine years as a judge on our highest bench, Justice Young has the judgement, clarity and care to do the job, with a sound understanding of intelligence issues and experience working in the public eye.
"The Commission has been tasked to engage with New Zealand's Muslim community, including appointing qualified people to help with effective consultation.
"The Royal Commission will be established by Order in Council this Wednesday, April 10."
Ms Ardern said the Commission will have a budget of $8.2 million and one further member will be appointed by the end of April.
Justice William Young
Justice William Young graduated with an LLB (Hons) from the University of Canterbury and later gained a doctorate from Cambridge University. He worked in a law office in Christchurch before taking up practice as a barrister in crime, civil, commercial and tax litigation, acting latterly for, among others, the New Zealand Serious Fraud Office and the New Zealand Commissioner of Inland Revenue.
He was appointed a Queen's Counsel in 1991, to the High Court in 1997, and to the Court of Appeal in January 2004. Justice Young became President of the Court of Appeal in February 2006.
In June 2007, Justice Young was awarded the DCNZM (Distinguished Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit) for services as President of the Court of Appeal of New Zealand. He was designated a knight companion of that order in 2009.
Justice Young was appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court in 2010. He is an honorary Bencher of the Middle Temple and an honorary Fellow of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge.