11 Jul 2018

China 'shocked' by US actions in trade dispute

8:18 pm on 11 July 2018

China said it is "shocked" after the US announced plans for fresh tariffs, escalating a trade war between the two countries.

Containers are stacked on a vessel at the Port of Long Beach in Long Beach, California on July 6, 2018, including some from China Shipping, a conglomerate under the direct administration of China's State Council.

United States has listed more products it intends to place tariffs on as soon as September. Photo: AFP

The US listed $US200 billion ($NZ293 million) worth of additional products it intends to place tariffs on as soon as September.

The move comes just days after the two countries imposed tit-for-tat tariffs of $34b on each other's goods.

Beijing described Washington's latest threat as "totally unacceptable," saying it would harm the world.

"The behaviour of the US is hurting China, hurting the world and hurting itself," a spokesperson for China's commerce ministry said in a statement.

The spokesperson also said the government would have to take the "necessary counter-measures".

The list names more than 6000 items including food products, minerals and consumer goods such as handbags.

The public will have until the end of August to comment on the list before the new tariffs - to be imposed at 10 percent - come into effect.

Asian stock markets fell sharply on Wednesday as investors shunned risk amid escalating trade tensions between the two economic giants.

In China, Hong Kong's Hang Seng index dropped 1.5 percent, while the Shanghai Composite fell 1.8 percent. Japan's benchmark Nikkei 225 index shed 1.2 percent.

The White House says the tariffs are a response to unfair trade practices by China.

The US wants China to stop practices that allegedly encourage transfer of intellectual property - design and product ideas - to Chinese companies, such as requirements that foreign firms share ownership with local partners to access the Chinese market.

US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer said there was "no justification" for China's retaliation.

"As in the past, the United States is willing to engage in efforts that could lead to a resolution of our concerns about China's unfair trade practices and to China opening its market to US goods and services," he said.

"In the meantime, we will remain vigilant in defending the ability of our workers and businesses to compete on a fair and reciprocal basis."

Many companies in the US are opposed to the administration's use of tariffs against China, saying they risk hurting business and the economy without being likely to change behaviour.

On top of the $34b worth of tariffs that came into effect on Friday last week, the White House has said it would consult on tariffs on another $16b of products. US President Donald Trump has suggested these could come into effect later this month.

In total, the new import taxes that President Trump is threatening to impose are almost equal to the value of China's entire goods exports to the US, worth more than $500b last year.

"It's a difficult situation for a number of our companies. They're getting increasingly worried about where this is all going," Ed Brzytwa, director of international trade for the American Chemistry Council, which represents chemical companies, told the BBC before the latest measures were announced.

"They can't figure out what the endgame is."


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