This Way Up for Saturday 4 October 2014
Pip Martin and Emily Williams making sauerkraut.
Sauerkraut has been around for thousands of years. The Chinese have been fermenting cabbage for at least 6000 years, Ancient Romans consumed it, and it was a staple for Captain Cook when he explored New Zealand.
Pip Martin and Emily Williams from Horowhenua are keen sauerkraut makers.
They pound cabbage in their farmhouse kitchen, preparing the vegetable for fermentation, while talking to Simon Morton. Added to the cabbage is ginger, garlic, a bay leaf, chilli and some carrot.
Emily and Pip say sauerkraut encourages good bacteria in the stomach and gut. Pip uses sauerkraut to help populate people's gut with healthy bacteria through her work as a natural therapist.
"If you've had to take antibiotics for some reason, something like having a good cultural yoguhurt or sauerkraut is a fantastic way of getting the pro-biotics back into your system again," she says.
Sauerkraut is fermented through an anaerobic process, meaning it develops without oxygen, encouraging the production of lactobacillus, which feeds off the natural sugars produced by the vegetables.
Recipe: Pip and Emily's Sauerkraut
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"There's 800 deaths associated with obesity a week in the UK and in the USA, about the same number every day," Professor Bloom says.
Obesity is the biggest pandemic the world has ever seen according to a leading obesity researcher, but it could be curbed through the implantation of a microchip to trick the brain.
Professor Sir Stephen Bloom is a pioneer in obesity research and head of the diabetes, endocrinology and metabolism division of Imperial College London in Hammersmith Hospital in London. He's been working on solutions to this global problem.
Lots of health issues have been linked to obesity, including diabetes, hypertension and organ failure. Professor Boom says in the last five years, more research has shown cancer is twice as common in the obese, with uterus cancer being five times more common in those who are obese.
He's working on two solutions to the obesity epidemic that is plaguing not only Australian, New Zealand, The USA and the UK, but India and China too. One uses hormone therapy, the other involves having a microchip implanted.
Professor Bloom says the while the microchip might not appeal to everyone, "in its final setting, it will be like one of those pacemakers for the heart. That's been a tremendous success... so it's perfectly feasible".
Photograph of Stephen Bloom by Sharon Gould.
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