Don't ever succumb to pressure when it comes to investing your money, says personal finance expert Mary Holm. She looks at the red flags which can help you spot and avoid scams.
Check the company has a physical address in New Zealand – not a PO Box, "If they've got a phone number, ring it".
Google the name of the company with the word 'scam' and then with the word 'review'.
Mary's red flags:
They're offering 'free' seminars
"Be wary about who's running any seminar. Some are giving you financial advice but they are also there to sign you up for some sort of course or package that follows on." If you must go, take a friend - you'll be a lot less likely to get conned.
They want money on the spot
Avoid paying even a deposit. If you find out you've given money to a scammer based outside of New Zealand, there's little chance you'll get your money back.
They approach you first – and it doesn't have to be a stranger
"The scamsters will get someone whose reputable in the community and got good standing and put them in an investment that they genuinely do well in… Then that person goes and tells other people in the community 'Hey, I'm on to something good here', and genuinely thinks they are on to something good."
They tell you to keep the offer secret
"Why on earth are they giving you this special deal that they don't give anybody else? It's surely a sign that they don't want you making a big noise about it because one of your friends might say something."
It's unclear where the money is coming from
"See that someone is offering the use of property and they're getting rent for it or if it's shares they're getting dividends – something like that where it's clear."
You're offered something at below market price
"You've always got to ask 'If they have got something that's cheaper than market price, why on earth aren't they just turning around and selling it market price and making a profit themselves? Why on earth are they telling you about it?"
Money back guarantees 'Don't be comforted by them'
"That's a real worry because often one of two things happen – if you go back later and say 'This hasn't worked well for me, I want my money back', they say either 'You didn't follow the rules exactly as we set them out' or you go back to get your money and the company just doesn't exist anymore.
They say 'Don't trust us, get the tick from your lawyer or accountant'
"The very fact they say that makes you think 'This must be okay or they wouldn't say that'. So you don't bother to go to your lawyer or accountant. You think 'It must be okay and I don't want to pay a fee to my lawyer or accountant to check on this. Do check with them, or better still don't go into the investment in the first place.
They're offering a property deal with guaranteed rent
Sometimes when individual apartments from a development are offered for sale, the company selling guarantees a certain amount of rent for a certain period. When it ends you find the market rent is actually a lot less.
"The developers put in money to top up rents [for the advertised period] because they can then sell you the apartment for more than its market value. They're not afraid of putting extra money at the beginning to make it look good and make you pay over market prices."
Most scam victims – the vast majority of which are men – are reluctant to admit they've been scammed, but it's nothing to be ashamed of, Mary says.
"There are some very clever con people out there who can con any of us. Please if you feel you have been a victim, don't hold back on doing something about it. The faster you do, the more likely you will get something back again or at the very least warn other people."
Mary Holm discusses money matters with Jesse Mulligan every second Thursday. Check out previous episodes here.