Next month a policy paper promoting the protection of mangroves will be considered by political leaders in Bougainville.
It is driven by NGO, Tulele Peisa, which said trhere was widespread destruction of Bougainville's mangroves and it wants people to recognise the importance of protecting the coastal vegetation.
The mangroves are under threat from development and people using them for firewood.
Tulele Peisa has been working around the low lying Carterets and says it understands the importance of mangroves in protecting coastlines.
Its leader Ursula Rakova said they had been working with the Bougainville Department of Primary Industry to change attitudes to mangroves.
"The policy development is basically looking at the protection of mangroves and the eco-system and why mangroves are important to the eco-system, because mangroves are breeding grounds for fish and marine resources."