Refugee advocates in Australia say new legislation that re-introduces temporary protection visas for people awarded refugee status is shameful.
This comes after the Immigration Minister Scott Morrison struck a deal with the Palmer United Party which had previously opposed TPVs.
The planned changes also include safe haven visas but neither visa allows for permanent protection, nor for family reunion.
The Refugee Action Coalition's Ian Rintoul says the move will create an underclass in Australia.
"There really is no way that the temporary visas provide a way for people to get on with their lives. They will be permanently precluded from leaving Australia, they will be unable to get re-united with their families and there will be no permanent security for them. At the end of every 3 years or every five years they will be assessed again - so they are permanently vulnerable."