18 Jul 2022

'A huge difference' - Hope fuel tax cut extension will ease inflation's sting

7:57 am on 18 July 2022

The 25-cent cut in petrol excise duty and half-price public transport fares will be extended into next year, but one economist warns it's a costly move that is not targeted at those who need cost reductions the most.

Photo: RNZ / Dan Cook

The cut in petrol excise duty, the equivalent reduction in road user charges and the half price public transport fares were due to end next month, but yesterday all were extended until the end of January.

Finance Minister Grant Robertson said the excise cut would reduce the cost of filling a 40-litre tank of petrol by more than $11, while half-price public transport saved the average user $25 a week.

"We are doing this because we want Kiwis to have some certainty for the rest of the year in the face of volatile fuel prices and ongoing cost of living pressure," he said.

Gull general manager Dave Bodger said consumers can have faith Gull would continue passing on the discount on in full to consumers, as it has been since March.

"It's a huge help for mum and dad motorists."

Bodger said the company itself would not be impacted by the extension because the petrol excise duty has been a cost passed on to consumers.

"For us it is business as usual," he said.

The decision will benefit trucking businesses, according to Transporting New Zealand, which represents road freight transport companies.

"Trucking companies around the country told us that over 40 percent of them would benefit from such an extension and it would ease their business costs," Transporting New Zealand chief executive Nick Leggett said.

"We have seen massive jumps in fuel, just like everyday consumers elsewhere, but obviously with trucks being on the road all the time that's eaten into profits."

Half-price public transport fares will be extended into next year.

AUCKLAND - FEB 13 2017: Traffic jam in Auckland, New Zealand.

There have been calls to make public transport free for many groups to reduce traffic and road costs. Photo: 123RF

The government said the discount has already seen public transport use increase in our main centres.

But Hana Pilkinton-Ching, a co-ordinator of the Free Fares Campaign, said while the extension was a good start, it did not go far enough.

"We'd like to see the government go further and make fares completely free for disadvantaged groups and young people," she said.

Treasury estimates it will reduce headline inflation by 0.5 percentage points in the June quarter, with petrol being a significant contributor to inflation growth.

The latest inflation numbers come out today and are predicted to be around the 7 percent mark.

Principal Economist at Infometrics Brad Olsen agreed the move will help control inflation and aid those doing it tough.

"It is going to make a real difference. A few extra dollars a week for those that are already struggling to make ends meet is a huge difference," he said.

The price tag for extending cuts to the fuel tax and Road User Charges is estimated to be $589 million, money that would otherwise fund the improvement of road infrastructure as part of the National Land Transport Fund.

Compare that to the $63.1m being spent to extend half-price public transport.

Olsen pointed out the fuel tax discount is an expensive policy, which lacks measures that target those struggling the most with the cost of living.

"Those who need it the most and those who don't need it all are both getting the same benefit," he said.

Pilkinton-Ching shared that concern.

"We are seeing a lot of money going towards fuel tax discounts but not towards public transport discounts so in that sense it is not targeted enough because it is still prioritising private transport which is not only worse for the environment but also benefits those who tend to be already more well off."

Asked if the extension would be extended again, Robertson said cuts could not last forever.

There has been a warning from AA of an "unavoidable rush" when the 25 cents extra tax came back.

"We are doing some work on the exit strategy," Robertson said.

Gull's Bodger wants to be involved in a discussion with the government about the reinstatement of the petrol excise duty.

"It just does need a lot of thought and a lot of planning to go into it," he said.

Govt buying time - AA

The Automobile Association is welcoming the decision which it says will give the government some time to see how the international situation plays out.

Terry Collins who is a principal policy adviser with the AA said the government's move benefited everyone by removing some of the inflationary pressure that high fuel prices have been adding to everything in the supply chain.

Fuel was needed in production, factories, retail and for workers to get to their jobs.

"Anything that reduces those costs is good for us ... what the government has done with this policy is bought itself a bit of time, to see what is going to happen in the international markets, particularly with the Ukraine-Russia situation."

Another cause for the rise in energy prices was the need to invest in the infrastructure for renewable energy, Collins said.

Last year the fewest number of oil fields were discovered in 75 years.

Overall, governments worldwide had hoped to gradually increase fuel prices to help mitigate climate change but the rapid rise this year had led to high inflation.

"It's caught everyone out."

Regarding Energy Minister Megan Woods writing to fuel companies asking for the cause of recent price increases, Collins said data he had seen suggested there was "a big spike" in their revenue a week ago.

"It was well above their normal range of profit."

Collins said with international prices moving around a lot at present, companies may have bought fuel at a favourable price and were taking advantage to recoup some of the money they lost when the prices were not so much in their favour.

He said the fuel companies were not price gouging and he expected prices to fall a bit in the coming weeks.

The AA had been concerned about the supply chain pressures if motorists all tried to fill up a day or two before 15 August when the 30c price rise would have taken effect before the government's latest decision to extend it until January.

"Our supply chain just can't handle that sudden demand over a day or two for all that fuel."

Collins said the price rise for the fuel excise duty may need to be done gradually.

"They could do it incrementally looking at what the market prices are so they don't give a shock to the market."

However, the road user charges and the public transport subsidy required law changes and the government would not want to be constantly revising legislation.

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