A Papuan academic says Indonesia's approach to development in his homeland shows a lack of understanding about Melanesian culture.
Yamin Kogoya has a Masters of Applied Anthropology and Participatory Development from the Australian National University.
He says a recent threat made by an Indonesian military spokesman against the governor of Papua province highlights a lack of understanding of Papuans.
Governor Lukas Enembe had called for military to withdraw from the Highlands region where armed conflict has created a humanitarian crisis.
Mr Kogoya says the Governor has a heart for his people and seeks to protect as well as empower them.