Pope Francis has appointed 19 new cardinals at a ceremony in Rome - the first such appointments of his papacy.
Correspondents say the inclusion of prelates from places such as Haiti and Burkina Faso reflects the Argentine Pope's commitment to the poor.
Former Pope Benedict XVI - who retired last year - also attended the ceremony at St Peter's Basilica.
The new cardinals received the traditional red hat and robes at the ceremony, known as a consistory, which was conducted in Latin and followed ancient tradition.
Cardinals are the most senior catholic clergymen below the pontiff.
Sixteen of the new appointees are under 80 - the age limit for participating in the election of future popes.
The new cardinals come from 15 different countries, including Spain, Italy and Germany.