A dispute over copying of books by universities is going to the Copyright Tribunal.
Authors and publishers are upset that university staff are copying the work of authors for students.
The move follows a breakdown in negotiations between Copyright Licensing New Zealand, which represents authors and publishers, and the universities.
Currently universities pay $20 per student for the right to photocopy chapters - but publishers say that's too low.
The current agreement between the parties broke down last week, just as the academic year began.
Universities New Zealand is unhappy that the case is being referred to the Copyright Tribunal without consultation with them.
It's not yet known when the case will be heard.