The Kiribati Ministry of Health is warning about the country's soaring population.
It has set up a group called HOPE to take its message about the impact of population growth to local communities.
Kiribati has a population of just over 100,000, with half of them living around Tarawa and Betio.
There are about 2,000 births a year and a natural death rate of about 400 to 500 annually.
The head of HOPE, Dr Teatao Tiira, says the community needs to understand the data and the effects a growing population has.
The Catholic Church in Kiribati has several times voiced its opposition to family planning efforts.