Press freedom activists in Indonesia believe 2012 will be more dangerous for journalists than years previous, ahead of the general election in 2014.
Reporters Without Boarders has released its 2011 Press Freedom Index which showed Indonesia had dropped 29 places from the previous year, to 146th.
The organisation said this deterioration was largely due to the killing, kidnap and assault of journalists in Papua.
The President of the Alliance of Independent Journalists in Indonesia, Eko Marryadi, forecasts a gloomy year for media freedom.
"I think that facing the 2014 election, Indonesian journalists should be more careful because we think that violent cases against journalists will be increased."
Mr Marryadi says many journalists have been subject to intimidation after publishing stories that did not agree with local politicians.
He says some of those cases ended in assault, and he fears 2012 will be worse than last year.